Tag Archives: DA教程

directadmin安装好了如何使用?

da-howto1

有些朋友找yqf.me安装了DA面板,但是拿到手里后,傻眼了,不会使用。其实DA还是蛮实用的,仔细琢磨下,不是很难。点上图的右上角:代理级别。再点下图中的管理预设值。

da-howto2

点上图的添加预设值。

da-howto3

如果自己使用的话,可以都设置成无限制。

da-howto4

再回到管理级,点添加用户。

da-howto5

填下用户名,邮箱,密码,域名,选择用户预设值,然后提交,就算创建好虚拟主机了。

至于如何使用DA搭建网站,请参看一下教程:

DA面板安装WordPress超详细教程1

DA面板安装WordPress超详细教程2

directadmin官方给yqf.me开通在线修改DA授权权限了

很开心,经过不懈的努力,经过三番五次的和DA官方沟通,重要给yqf.me开通在线修改DA授权的权限了,这样的好处是,网友在yqf.me购买的DA授权,如果将来换IP和系统了,只需要给我发个邮件或者QQ或者旺旺等各种方式告诉我,我在线的话,可以立即变更DA授权。 Continue reading

Directadmin如何屏蔽ip阻止Brute Force Attack详细教程

自从安装了DA面板后,Brute Force Attack暴力破解DA后台密码就没有停止过,或许见多了就不怪了,但是老是收到诸如此类的信息:Brute-Force Attack detected in service log from IP(s) 106.187.43.249,总不是一件让人很愉快的事儿。

directadmin官方有教程,如何屏蔽ip阻止Brute ForceAttack

http://help.directadmin.com/item.php?id=380

以下我将官方的教程汉化下:
1)第一步,配置iptables,让block_ip.sh生效,DA官方的iptables文件适用于CentOS/Fedora,目前没有在Debian或者FreeBSD上测试,或许支持,或许不知道debian/FreeBSD。

cd /etc/init.d
mv iptables iptables.backup
wget http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/iptables
chmod 755 iptables*** 注意,ipables默认开启的ssh端口是22,如果你的ssh端口不是22,请手动修改iptables设置。

*** 注意,ipables默认开启的ssh端口是22,如果你的ssh端口不是22,请手动修改iptables设置。启动iptables:

/etc/init.d/iptables restart

2) 第二步,安装block_ip.sh脚本,block_ip.sh格式可以在found here找到 .

cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom
wget http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/block_ip.sh
wget http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/show_blocked_ips.sh
wget http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/unblock_ip.sh
chmod 700 block_ip.sh show_blocked_ips.sh unblock_ip.sh

3)创建blocked_ips文本:

touch /root/blocked_ips.txt
touch /root/exempt_ips.txt

去DA后台操作下Home–>Brute Forece Monitor–>IP info–>Blcok this IP.da-pojie1 da-pojie2 da-pojie3

4)自动封IP:

vi /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/brute_force_notice_ip.sh

添加内容:

#!/bin/sh
SCRIPT=/usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/block_ip.sh
ip=$value $SCRIPT
exit $?;

chmod 700 brute_force_notice_ip.sh


以下是FreeBSD相关:

If you’re running FreeBSD with ipfw, you’d skip steps 2 and 3, and instead, add the following code to the file:

/usr/local/directadmin/scripts/custom/block_ip.sh
#!/bin/sh
echo “Blocking $ip with ipfw …<br>”;
ipfw add deny ip from $ip to any
exit $?

and don’t forget to chmod the block_ip.sh to 755.

DirectAdmin创建虚拟主机提示Error with system Quotas

User yqf1 created

Details

Unix User created successfully

Error with system Quotas
setquota: Mountpoint (or device) / not found or has no quota enabled. setquota: Not all specified mountpoints are using quota.
Debug Guide
User’s data directory created successfully
Domains directory created successfully
Domains directory created successfully in user’s home

Domain Created Successfully

User added to ssh config file.

2016年3.14日更新。好几年的问题,其实是Directadmin的一个bug,今天帮客户安装DA面板,系统是centos 6.x 64位,依然还是存在这个问题,耐心看了下官方的教程。简单处理下就可以了。

加入我们就一个盘,根目录是/,我们df -h是可以查看磁盘规划的。

我们执行 /usr/sbin/repquota / ,如果磁盘配额生效的,那会显示类似下面的:

[root@da182 ~]# /usr/sbin/repquota /
*** Report for user quotas on device /dev/xvda1
Block grace time: 7days; Inode grace time: 7days
Block limits File limits
User used soft hard grace used soft hard grace
———————————————————————-
root — 1985016 0 0 70212 0 0
daemon — 8 0 0 3 0 0
mail — 96 0 0 35 0 0
ftp — 1656 0 0 103 0 0
abrt — 24 0 0 4 0 0
haldaemon — 8 0 0 2 0 0
ntp — 8 0 0 2 0 0
named — 40 0 0 10 0 0
apache — 32 0 0 8 0 0
diradmin — 209608 0 0 3434 0 0
mysql — 31712 0 0 131 0 0
majordomo — 356 0 0 34 0 0
webapps — 73604 0 0 6126 0 0
dovecot — 0 0 0 8 0 0
admin — 132 0 0 33 0 0

问题就是他不显示正常的磁盘配额,所以我们要修改下配置:

/sbin/quotaoff -a; /sbin/quotacheck -avugm; /sbin/quotaon -a;

先执行下这个,如果还是报错。

那就修改下/etc/fstab设置,vi /etc/fstab

类似,添加红色的,usrquota,grpquota就可以了。

# Device                Mountpoint      FStype  Options            Dump    Pass#
/dev/ad0s1a             /               ext3     rw,usrquota,grpquota 1       1
/dev/ad0s1e             /tmp            ext3     rw                 2       2
proc                    /proc           procfs   rw                 0       0

然后重启下机器。

然后再执行下:

/sbin/quotaoff -a; /sbin/quotacheck -avugm; /sbin/quotaon -a;

会看见磁盘配额生效了:

[root@da182 ~]# /sbin/quotaoff -a; /sbin/quotacheck -avugm; /sbin/quotaon -a;
quotacheck: Your kernel probably supports journaled quota but you are not using it. Consider switching to journaled quota to avoid running quotacheck after an unclean shutdown.
quotacheck: Scanning /dev/xvda1 [/] done
quotacheck: Cannot stat old user quota file //aquota.user: No such file or directory. Usage will not be substracted.
quotacheck: Cannot stat old group quota file //aquota.group: No such file or directory. Usage will not be substracted.
quotacheck: Cannot stat old user quota file //aquota.user: No such file or directory. Usage will not be substracted.
quotacheck: Cannot stat old group quota file //aquota.group: No such file or directory. Usage will not be substracted.
quotacheck: Checked 11747 directories and 73601 files
quotacheck: Old file not found.
quotacheck: Old file not found.

===========================

[root@da182 ~]# /usr/sbin/repquota /
*** Report for user quotas on device /dev/xvda1
Block grace time: 7days; Inode grace time: 7days
Block limits File limits
User used soft hard grace used soft hard grace
———————————————————————-
root — 1985016 0 0 70212 0 0
daemon — 8 0 0 3 0 0
mail — 96 0 0 35 0 0
ftp — 1656 0 0 103 0 0
abrt — 24 0 0 4 0 0
haldaemon — 8 0 0 2 0 0
ntp — 8 0 0 2 0 0
named — 40 0 0 10 0 0
apache — 32 0 0 8 0 0
diradmin — 209608 0 0 3434 0 0
mysql — 31712 0 0 131 0 0
majordomo — 356 0 0 34 0 0
webapps — 73604 0 0 6126 0 0
dovecot — 0 0 0 8 0 0
admin — 132 0 0 33 0 0

各方面正常以后,再执行下:

echo “action=tally&value=all” >> /usr/local/directadmin/data/task.queue

就ok了。

Centos安装DirectAdmin教程

Centos安装DirectAdmin教程:

1、安装DA需要纯净的系统,之前有些朋友安装DA报错,请先执行:yum remove httpd* mysql* php*

2、预安装DA需要的环境:

yum install wget gcc gcc-c++ flex bison make bind bind-libs bind-utils openssl openssl-devel perl quota libaio libcom_err-devel libcurl-devel gd zlib-devel zip unzip libcap-devel cronie bzip2 db4-devel cyrus-sasl-devel perl-ExtUtils-Embed autoconf automake libtool

3、从官方下载setup.sh安装脚本安装DirectAdmin面板:

wget http://www.directadmin.com/setup.sh
chmod 755 setup.sh
./setup.sh

4、DA面板安装过程截图:

da-setup1

根据屏幕提示输入Client ID,License ID,以及主机名。

da-setup2

会核实是否是授权IP,以及DA授权绑定的linux发行版。

da-setup3

选择DA面板将要安装的PHP/Apache等,默认推荐的,选3即可。

da-setup4

开始搜索最快的下载镜像,进入DA编译安装过程。

5、DA面板安装完毕:

directory /home/tmp created
directory /usr/local/directadmin/data/sessions created
directory /etc/virtual created
directory /var/spool/virtual created
directory ./data/admin/ips created
directory ./data/admin/packages created
file ./data/admin/packages.list created
ip.list written successfully
./data/admin/login.hist written successfully
./data/admin/next_ticket.number written correctly
./data/admin/services.status written successfully
tickets.list written successfully
Admin user created
## INSTALL_COMPLETE
## ACCOUNT_INFO
The following information has been set:

Admin username: admin
Admin password: abcdefg
Admin email: admin@abc.yqf.me
Server IP: 50.116.xx.xxx
Server Hostname: abc.yqf.me

To login now, follow this link:

http://50.116.xx.xxx:2222

and enter your Admin username and password when prompted.

You should now visit http://admin.site-helper.com and http://www.directadmin.com/newinstall.html to learn how to get started.

Thank you for using DirectAdmin. Should you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us at support@directadmin.com

## REPORT_END
Permissions set

System Security Tips:
http://help.directadmin.com/item.php?id=247

6、模板安装。模板安装好后,进入reseller级别,选中你要的模板,点应用所有,应用自己,就ok了。

directadmin有名的capri模板安装过程

directadmin模板NewWorld安装记录